Nmap

Nmap logo

Nmap ("Network Mapper") is a free and open source (license) utility for network discovery and security auditing. Many systems and network administrators also find it useful for tasks such as network inventory, managing service upgrade schedules, and monitoring host or service uptime.

To learn more about the Nmap scanner itself visit [nmap.org].

Deployment

The Nmap ScanType can be deployed via helm:

helm upgrade --install nmap secureCodeBox/nmap

Scanner Configuration

The nmap scan target is set via the targets location of the securityTest. The target should be a Hostname or an IP Address.

Additional nmap scan features can be configured via the parameter attribute. For a detailed explanation to which parameters are available refer to the Nmap Reference Guide. All parameters are supported, but be careful with parameters that require root level rights, as these require additional configuration on the ScanType to be supported.

Some useful example parameters listed below:

  • -p xx: Scan ports of the target. Replace xx with a single port number or a range of ports.
  • -PS, -PA, -PU xx: Replace xx with the ports to scan. TCP SYN/ACK or UDP discovery.
  • -sV: Determine service and version info.
  • -O: Determine OS info. Note: This requires the the user to be run as root or the system capabilities to be extended to allow nmap to send raw sockets. See more information on how to deploy the secureCodeBox nmap container to allow this and the nmap docs about priviliged scans
  • -A: Determine service/version and OS info.
  • -script xx: Replace xx with the script name. Start the scan with the given script.
  • --script xx: Replace xx with a coma-separated list of scripts. Start the scan with the given scripts.

Operating System Scans

caution

Warning! This is currently not tested and might require additional testing to work ๐Ÿ˜•

If you want to use Nmap to identify operating systems of hosts you'll need to weaken the securityContext config, as Nmap requires the capability to send raw sockets to identify operating systems. See Nmap Docs

You can deploy the ScanType with the config like this:

cat <<EOF | helm install nmap-privileged ./scanners/nmap --values -
scannerJob:
env:
- name: "NMAP_PRIVILEGED"
value: "true"
securityContext:
capabilities:
drop:
- all
add:
- CAP_NET_RAW
- CAP_NET_ADMIN
- CAP_NET_BIND_SERVICE
EOF

You the start scans with operating system identification enabled:

apiVersion: "execution.securecodebox.io/v1"
kind: Scan
metadata:
name: "nmap-os-scan"
spec:
scanType: "nmap-privileged"
parameters:
- --privileged
- "-O"
- www.iteratec.de

Chart Configuration

KeyTypeDefaultDescription
image.repositorystring"docker.io/securecodebox/scanner-nmap"Container Image to run the scan
image.tagstringnildefaults to the charts version
parserImage.repositorystring"docker.io/securecodebox/parser-nmap"Parser image repository
parserImage.tagstringdefaults to the charts appVersionParser image tag
scannerJob.envlist[]Optional environment variables mapped into each scanJob (see: https://kubernetes.io/docs/tasks/inject-data-application/define-environment-variable-container/)
scannerJob.extraContainerslist[]Optional additional Containers started with each scanJob (see: https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/workloads/pods/init-containers/)
scannerJob.extraVolumeMountslist[]Optional VolumeMounts mapped into each scanJob (see: https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/storage/volumes/)
scannerJob.extraVolumeslist[]Optional Volumes mapped into each scanJob (see: https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/storage/volumes/)
scannerJob.resourcesobject{}CPU/memory resource requests/limits (see: https://kubernetes.io/docs/tasks/configure-pod-container/assign-memory-resource/, https://kubernetes.io/docs/tasks/configure-pod-container/assign-cpu-resource/)
scannerJob.securityContextobject{"allowPrivilegeEscalation":false,"capabilities":{"drop":["all"]},"privileged":false,"readOnlyRootFilesystem":true,"runAsNonRoot":true}Optional securityContext set on scanner container (see: https://kubernetes.io/docs/tasks/configure-pod-container/security-context/)
scannerJob.securityContext.allowPrivilegeEscalationboolfalseEnsure that users privileges cannot be escalated
scannerJob.securityContext.capabilities.drop[0]string"all"This drops all linux privileges from the container.
scannerJob.securityContext.privilegedboolfalseEnsures that the scanner container is not run in privileged mode
scannerJob.securityContext.readOnlyRootFilesystembooltruePrevents write access to the containers file system
scannerJob.securityContext.runAsNonRootbooltrueEnforces that the scanner image is run as a non root user
scannerJob.ttlSecondsAfterFinishedstringnilDefines how long the scanner job after finishing will be available (see: https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/workloads/controllers/ttlafterfinished/)

Examples

demo-app-ssh

apiVersion: "execution.securecodebox.io/v1"
kind: Scan
metadata:
name: "nmap-ssh-demo-cluster-internal"
spec:
scanType: "nmap"
parameters:
# Internal cluster is blocking our ping probes, therefore we skip them
- "-Pn"
# Service Detection enabled
- "-sV"
# Actual Service Address will depend on you cluster and namespace configuration. ๐Ÿคทโ€
- "dummy-ssh.demo-apps.svc"

demo-juice-shop

apiVersion: "execution.securecodebox.io/v1"
kind: Scan
metadata:
name: "nmap-juice-shop-cluster-internal"
spec:
scanType: "nmap"
parameters:
# Internal cluster is blocking our ping probes, therefore we skip them
- "-Pn"
# Service Detection enabled
- "-sV"
# Actual Service Address will depend on you cluster and namespace configuration. ๐Ÿคทโ€
- juice-shop.demo-apps.svc.cluster.local

dummy-ssh-cascade

apiVersion: "execution.securecodebox.io/v1"
kind: Scan
metadata:
name: "nmap-dummy-ssh"
spec:
scanType: "nmap"
parameters:
# Internal cluster is blocking our ping probes, therefore we skip them
- "-Pn"
# Service Detection enabled
- "-sV"
# Actual Service Address will depend on you cluster and namespace configuration. ๐Ÿคทโ€
- "dummy-ssh.demo-apps.svc"
cascades:
matchLabels:
securecodebox.io/invasive: invasive
securecodebox.io/intensive: high

local-network

apiVersion: "execution.securecodebox.io/v1"
kind: Scan
metadata:
name: "nmap-local-network"
spec:
scanType: "nmap"
parameters:
# Actual IP will depend on you network config. ๐Ÿคทโ€
- 192.168.178.0/24

localhost

apiVersion: "execution.securecodebox.io/v1"
kind: Scan
metadata:
name: "nmap-localhost"
spec:
scanType: "nmap"
parameters:
# Note: Localhost here isn't "your" localhost, but the scanner container.
# This container doesn't have any ports open...
- localhost

scan.nmap.org

apiVersion: "execution.securecodebox.io/v1"
kind: Scan
metadata:
name: "nmap-scanme.nmap.org"
spec:
scanType: "nmap"
parameters:
- scanme.nmap.org